What is Small Scale Farmer Group?

There are 48 communities target groups have been organized by CCFC in 11 provinces. Each community group, called CMC (community management committee) has been formed subsequently. Small scale farmers who are working in their own land on agricultural sectors, such as rice, and plantations: cassava, durian, jack fruits, banana, and other vegetables are being included. Most of them also have been facing with issues/problems of land abusing, natural resources destruction, and disasters, market prices, labor forces, migrations, and lack of cooperation between its networks and stakeholders. Farmers are currently yet covered by NSPPF and ineligible to NSSF schemes or HEF (health equity fund), due to they are excluded from Cambodia Labour Law of 1997, especially it has not been responded yet to the farmer needs, concerns and interests properly. 

Established in January 11, 2011, CCFC aims to address issues on land rights, natural resources, force eviction and social protection. There is still lack of guideline and policy, therefore, small scale farmers have been organized, mobilized, capacity built and empowered to dialogue and negotiate for better access to rights and information equally, social protection, NSSF schemes, HEF and decent living conditions to the same conditions of formalized workers and in formalized economy sectors.

What the issue ?

The Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) has made significant progress in developing its social protection policy framework, aiming to be more inclusive and address the needs of the most vulnerable. However, the COVID-19 (C19) crisis is highlighting challenges and gaps that the current social protection system is facing. The crisis has led to the closure of businesses, suspension of garment factory production, and consequently job losses for thousands of people. Various measures are being taken by the RGC to respond to the crisis through the introduction of temporary social assistance measures, such as ‘On Demand’ ID Poor for the C19 cash transfer program for the most vulnerable population, and subsidies targeted to the most affected sectors such as garment, agriculture and tourism sectors. However, the lack of adequate and comprehensive coverage and accessibility barriers to various schemes, including the ID Poor program (e.g. mobility, homelessness, lack of documentation, unclear division of responsibilities between line agencies, discrimination at implementation level, attitudes and behaviors) of vulnerable groups (e.g. the homeless, migrants, women and children, persons with disabilities, persons living with HIV/AIDS, the elderly, informal economy workers, and the ‘near poor’ at risk of falling back into extreme poverty), are impeding the effective response to this crisis. This is compounded by the limited effectiveness of the National Social Protection Policy Framework (NSPPF), underdeveloped social protection accountability mechanisms, limited promotion of participation mechanisms, lack of resources, and restricted fiscal space to improve and expand the social protection system. C19 is considered as a stress test for existing systems (social assistance, social security and health schemes) and has underlined the urgent need for the NSPPF to be more gender and shock responsive to withstand current and future crises.

What is the purpose of work?

CCFC has worked the Objective of the Action, in the context of socio-economic insecurity, is to strengthen the community members between the RGC’s social protection institutions and the Cambodian citizens by building a more inclusive, rights-based, gender and shock responsive social protection system.
The main objective of social protection scheme that CCFC has been implementing, aimed at:
toward sustainable development in place.
- Practicing civil and political rights and any other common rights and freedom.
- Awareness raising on the fundamental social protection toward small scale farmers linked into informal economy sectors.
- Registering to NSSF and receiving equitable cards for the health care services from the referral hospital to the level of HEF.
- Initiatively work on their common work plan for its small scale farmer needs and interests for their community development with gender responsiveness.
- Seeking new strategy for any circumstances occurring the negative impact to the farmers’ living conditions to be better.
- Promoting either the local leaders and activists or its members are able to work in participatory learning, planning in advocacy initiative for their rights, interests, and in the needs for transformative changes.
Beneficiaries are invited to present their IDPoor card to their local Wing agent to receive their 3rd month cash pay-out from 25 August 2020, onwards. Those households whom have recently signed up for IDPoor card benefits must first verify their registration at their local district/commune center prior to being able to receive their cash pay-out from their local Wing agent. 

Social Assistance

The Social Assistance is developed to ensure decent living standards for poor and vulnerable citizens while strengthening the capacity of every citizen to retain their jobs and employment in a competitive economic environment.
Social assistance programs contribute to the achievements of Cambodia’s key development priorities including inclusive growth, poverty reduction, and economic diversification. The presence of social assistance facilitates economic productivity by lifting citizens with low-income and vulnerable groups to the middle-income level. That means that citizens currently belonging to the informal sector will be included in the formal sector in the future. By this step, the national financial stability and the development of the social security schemes will be supported through people’s capacity to pay taxes and to contribute to the social security fund.
The social assistance programs focus on assisting the poor and vulnerable people who are divided into three groups: (1) those who live below the poverty line; (2) those who live close to the poverty line with high vulnerability to crisis; (3) infants, children, pregnant women, families with food insecurity, people with disabilities and elderly.
Future strategies and goals of enhancing the development of the Social Assistance are divided into the following four areas:
1. Emergency Responses
2. Human Capital Development
3. Vocational Training
4. Social Welfare of Vulnerable People

Social Security

While the Social Assistance is the mechanism for supporting poor and vulnerable people directly and indirectly, which is usually provided for by the state and financed by the state budget, the Social Security has developed a toolbox of different instruments and is “obligatory” and “self-dependent”. It encourages citizens to seek protection in the face of the unforeseen social and economic crisis which can negatively affect their income security and increase their vulnerability to illness, maternity, employment injuries, unemployment, disability, old age, or death.
The Social Security is a contributory system which requires the participation from both employers and employees, both in the public and private sector, retirees and people working in the informal sector. However, the Royal Government will provide a full subsidy to cover the contributions of poor and vulnerable people as well as for additional targeted groups as determined by the Royal Government and to the extent the national budget allows for.
Eligibility for a full or partial subsidy will be assessed based on clear and appropriate criteria in order to avoid “moral hazard”. Potential “moral hazard” may discourage people from personal savings in order to protect themselves against unexpected risks or negatively impact their productivity.
Therefore, the Royal Government will reduce its funding gradually over time has given a positive socio-economic development for the affected citizens. In consequence, social security schemes will continuously be increasingly financed by contributions and the investment return of the accumulated fund.
Future strategies and goals of enhancing the development of the Social Security are divided into the following five areas:
1. Pensions
2. Health Care
3. Employment Injury Scheme
4. Unemployment
5. Disabilities
More information please visit https://nspc.gov.kh/social-security-cambodia

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