Peasant Rights Declearation
Almost half of the people in the world are peasants. Even in the high‐tech world, people eat food produced by peasants. Small‐scale agriculture is not just an economic activity; it means life for many people. The security of the population depends on the well‐being of peasants and sustainable agriculture. To protect human life it is important to respect, protect and fulfill the rights of the peasants. In reality, the ongoing violations of peasants' rights threaten human life.
Peasants of the World need an International Convention on the Rights of Peasants
The violations of peasants' rights are on the rise because of the implementation of neoliberal policies promoted by the World Trade Organisation, Free Trade Agreements (FTAs), other institutions and many governments in the North as well as in the South. The WTO and FTAs force the opening of markets and prevent countries from protecting and supporting their domestic agriculture. They push for the deregulation in the agriculture sector.
Governments of developed countries and transnational corporations are responsible for trade dumping practices. Cheap subsidised food floods local markets thus forcing peasants out of business.
The WTO and other institutions force the introduction of food such as GMOs and the unsafe use of growth hormones in meat production. Meanwhile, they prohibit the marketing of healthy products produced by peasants through sanitary barriers.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has implemented structural adjustment programs (SAPs) leading to massive cuts in subsidies for agriculture and social services. Countries have been forced to privatize state companies and to dismantle support mechanisms in the agricultural sector.
National and international policies directly or indirectly give priority to transnational corporations or food production and trade. TNCs also practice biopiracy and destroy genetic resources and biodiversity cultivated by peasants. The capitalist logic of accumulation has dismantled peasant agriculture.

II. Violations of Peasants' Rights
Millions of peasants have been forced to leave their farmland because of land grabs facilitated by national policies and/or the military. Land is taken away from peasants for the development of large industrial or infrastructure projects, extracting industries like mining, tourist resorts, special economic zones, supermarkets and plantations for cash crops. As a result, land is increasingly concentrated in a few hands.
1)- States neglect the farm sector and peasants receive inadequate income from their agriculture production.
2)- Monocultures for the production of agrofuels and other industrial uses are promoted
in favor of agribusiness and transnational capital; this has devastating impacts on forests, water, the environment and the economic and social life of peasants.
3)- There is an increasing militarization and a number of armed conflicts in rural areas with severe impacts on the full realization of civil rights of peasants.
4)- As they lose their land, communities also lose their forms of self‐government, sovereignty and cultural identity.
5)- Food is increasingly used for speculation purposes and The peasants' struggle is criminalised.
6)- Slave labor, forced labor and child labor are still found in rural areas.
7)- Women's and children's rights are the most affected. Women are victims of psychological, physical and economic violence. They are discriminated in their access to land and productive resources, and marginalized in decision making.
As a result of these violations of peasants' rights, today millions of peasants live in hunger and suffer malnutrition. This is not because there is not enough food in the world, but because food resources are dominated by transnational corporations. Peasants are forced to produce for export instead of producing food for their communities.
8)- The crisis in the agricultural sector causes migration and the massive displacement and disappearance of peasants and indigenous people.

The policies of neoliberalism worsen the violations of Peasants' Rights

The violations of peasants' rights are on the rise because of the implementation of neoliberal policies promoted by the World Trade Organisation, Free Trade Agreements (FTAs), other institutions and many governments in the North as well as in the South. The WTO and FTAs force the opening of markets and prevent countries from protecting and supporting their domestic agriculture. They push for the deregulation in the agriculture sector.
Governments of developed countries and transnational corporations are responsible for trade dumping practices. Cheap subsidised food floods local markets thus forcing peasants out of business.
The WTO and other institutions force the introduction of food such as GMOs and the unsafe use of growth hormones in meat production. Meanwhile, they prohibit the marketing of healthy products produced by peasants through sanitary barriers.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has implemented structural adjustment programs (SAPs) leading to massive cuts in subsidies for agriculture and social services. Countries have been forced to privatize state companies and to dismantle support mechanisms in the agricultural sector.
National and international policies directly or indirectly give priority to transnational corporations or food production and trade. TNCs also practice biopiracy and destroy genetic resources and biodiversity cultivated by peasants. The capitalist logic of accumulation has dismantled peasant agriculture.

The struggle of the Peasants to uphold and protect their Rights

Facing these realities, peasants all over the world are struggling to live. All over the world, thousands of peasant leaders are being arrested because they are fighting to protect their rights and livelihood. They are being brought to court by unfair justice systems, incidents of massacre, of peasants. This affects all people in the world, in developed and developing countries. While peasants work hard to ensure the sustainability of seeds and food, the violation of the rights of peasants damages the world’s capability to feed itself. The struggle of the Peasants is fully applicable to the framework of international human rights which includes instruments, and thematic mechanisms of the Human Rights Council, that address the right to food, housing rights, access to water, right to health, human rights defenders, indigenous peoples, racism and racial discrimination, women’s rights. These international instruments of the UN do not completely cover nor prevent human rights violations, especially the rights of the peasants. We see some limitations in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) as an instrument to protect peasants' right. Also, the Charter of the Peasant‐ produced by the UN in 1978, was not able to protect peasants from international liberalization policies. The other international conventions, which also deal with peasants' rights, can not be implemented either. These conventions include: ILO Convention 169, Clause 8‐J Convention on Biodiversity, Point 14.60 Agenda 21, and Cartagena Protocol.
The PR-Declaration
Affirming that peasants, men and women, are equal to all other people and, in the exercise of their rights, should be free from any form of discrimination, including discrimination based on race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or another opinion, national or Affirming that peasants, men and women, are equal to all other people and, in the exercise of their rights, should be free from any form of discrimination, including discrimination based on race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or another opinion, national or social origin, property, wealth, birth or another status, Acknowledging that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as well as the Vienna Declaration and Program of Action, affirm the universality, indivisibility and interdependence of all human rights, civil, cultural, economic, political and social,Emphasizing that in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, States have undertaken to ensure the realization of the right to an adequate standard of living for ourselves and our family, including the right to food, and our right to be free from hunger through the genuine agrarian reform,Emphasizing that according to the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, all Indigenous peoples, including peasants, have the right to self‐ determination and that by virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development, having the right to autonomy or self‐government in matters relating to their internal and local affairs, as well as ways and means for financing their autonomous functions,Recalling that many peasants all over the world have fought throughout history for the recognition of the rights of peasants and for just and free societies,Considering that the current agricultural conditions threaten the lives of peasants, worsening the environment, decreasing peasants' productivity and decreasing the livelihood of the peasants,Considering that peasants struggle with their own resources and with other groups who support the peasants’ demands for life, environmental protection and increasing productivity Considering the increasing concentration of the food systems in the world in the hands of few transnational corporations Considering that peasants constitute a specific social group which is vulnerable so that the realization of the rights of peasants require special measures to truly respect, protect and fulfill the human rights of peasants enshrined in international human rights law; Acknowledging that small‐scale peasant agriculture, fishing, livestock rearing can contribute to mitigate the climate crisis and to secure a sustainable food production for all; Reminding States to comply with and effectively implement all their obligations as they apply to peasants under international instruments, in particular those related to human rights, in consultation and cooperation with the peasants,
Believing that this Declaration is an essential step forward the recognition, promotion and protection of the rights and freedoms of peasants, including the elaboration and adoption of an International Convention on the Rights of Peasants, Recognizing and reaffirming that peasants are entitled without discrimination to all human rights recognized in international law. 
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The Objectives Campaign

The further discuss and understand the Universal Declaration on International Farmers' Rights and their living conditions in Cambodia. This action we Identify and highlight specific struggles of local communities on land and resources. Document and compile human rights violations related to cases of land and resource grabbing and produce materials for public information, policy lobbying, and filing of cases/complaints, among others.

The building capacity to its own staff, general councils, advisory councils and provincial community committees in a way to profoundly discuss that even more effectively and Raise greater awareness on and generate broader support for ongoing local cases of land and resource grabbing at the international level. Organize public forums, conferences, and other activities to strategize, raise awareness and mobilize greater support against land grabbers and human rights violators.

The oversee, prepare advocacy initiative plan and outreach campaigns to all development partners, International Alliance, Privat sector, stakeholders and government for protecting and respecting peasants’ rights. Coordinate and reinforce the various national campaigns against peasant rights, land and resource grabbing. Launch coordinated actions and initiatives in the Asia Pacific region. Enhance the capacity of local community of peasants, indigenous peoples and other small food producers on Human Rights Advocacy through training, education and information materials.

Donors and Partners

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